Aerial surveillance: Impact on normal human life and its application in COVID-19
Aerial surveillance is defined as the surveillance which is grounded on the collection of (usually) visual images or video, using an aerial vehicle- such as an unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV), helicopter, or spy plane.
Impacts of Aerial Surveillance on Normal Human Life:
1. Aerial Surveillance: Aerial surveillance is used in filming fast-paced action and sci-fi scenes, collecting footage and information in live broadcasts by journalists.
Aerial surveillance is used to obtain very high-resolution data and download imagery in difficult to reach locations like coastlines, mountaintops, and islands.
2.Disaster Management: Aerial surveillance is used to find debris and rubble and to look for injured victims after any man-made or natural disaster.
3. Precision Agriculture: Aerial surveillance is used to detect crop health which enables farmers to react and improve crop conditions locally, with inputs of fertilizer or insecticides.
4.Search and Rescue: Aerial surveillance is used to discover the location of lost persons and unfortunate victims, especially in harsh conditions or challenging terrains.
5.Weather Forecast: Aerial surveillance is used to monitor dangerous and unpredictable weather. The specialized sensors are used to detail weather parameters, collect data, and prevent mishaps.
6. Wildlife Monitoring: Aerial surveillance is used as a deterrent to poachers. We apply Aerial Surveillance to wildlife monitoring in tropical and polar environments and demonstrate that UAV-derived counts of colony nesting birds are an order of magnitude more precise than traditional ground counts.
7. Law Enforcement : Aerial surveillance helps with the surveillance of large crowds and ensures public safety by monitoring criminal and illegal activities.
Recently in the COVID-19 scenario, Aerial surveillance has proved to be one of the most powerful assets and technology used by the authorities. As we know the most important policy enforced by authorities around the globe is to prevent the spread of the virus. That’s why they are taking every measure to reduce people-to-people contact by taking steps like the closure of non-essential public places, ban of mass gatherings, and ensuring a social distancing to limit physical contact. In areas where people are not obeying the restrictions, law enforcement authorities such as the local police or municipal authorities are using aerial surveillance to monitor people’s movement and stop social gatherings that could pose a risk to society.
The authorities are using aerial surveillance for transmission of messages and information about lockdown measures, especially in rural areas where there is a lack of open communication channels for health information, by using drones equipped with loudspeakers.
Health authorities are setting up agriculture spray drones to carry out tasks like spraying disinfectant in possibly affected areas. These drones are filled with disinfectants and can cover much more ground in less time. The need for medical supplies and laboratory testing of the doctors and hospitals are being fulfilled by drones today. They are the safest and fastest ways to deliver medical supplies and transport samples from hospitals to laboratories; along with reducing the risk of exposure to medical staff.
Authorities at several countries were carrying out large-scale remote temperature measurement in most apartment complexes through the drones. It is because people were worried about catching the infection, and wanted to avoid the face to face contact.
In several countries, empty fields have been converted into temporary hospitals to ease the pressure on the existing hospitals. Aerial surveillance is helping governments in surveying the construction work and finding new potential areas for the building of hospitals and quarantine centers.